What to see
Lake Otjikoto is a sinkhole; the name of this lake when loosely translated from Herero is "the place too deep for cattle to drink".
During the First World War, the German troops dumped a large number of ammunition and cannons with the ammunition wagons into this lake when they surrendered to the British troops. Today this is an underwater museum at a depth of between 48 and 52 meters.
Lake Guinas is reached 32 km after Tsumeb. It is deeper and more attractive than Otjikoto, though there are no facilities at all here. It is home to a colorful species of Tilapia guinasana, which are endemic here. In recent years they have been introduced into Otjikoto and several reservoirs to safeguard their future.
Dragon’s Breath Cave is situated in the Otavi Mountain Land of northeastern Namibia. It was discovered by members of the South African Speleological Association in July 1986. (Ellis & Sefton 1986) After the realisation that the cave contains the largest subterranean lake in the world.
Ghaub Cave is the third largest cave in Namibia, 38 meter in depth with 2.5m of chambers and passageways. Declared a national monument, the cave is a slippery, rock-clambering opportunity to experience ancient underworld growth. Stalactites and stalagmites glimmer and glow in their solid water journeys. The caves can only be visited with a guide and it takes 1 to 2 hours.
Gamkarab Cave Farm Gamkarab Bushman for Water Hole is situated in the thorn-bush savanna just south of the Neins mountain-range. This historic farm hosted a group of Dorslandtrekkers who, found here, at Gamkarab, a place to settle before being placed out to other destinations. The bushman and other tribes ha a ritual entering the cave to fetch water in their ostrich eggshells and calabashes.
Fish River Canyon in Namibia‚Äs South is one of the worlds largest Canyons and one of Namibia‚Äs most recognised Natural Wonders. For 160 km the Fish River, Namibia‚Äs longest river washed into the ground up to 550 meter deep and up to 27 km wide. It cuts deep into the plateau which is today dry, stony and sparsely covered with hardy drought-resistant plants. The river flows intermittently, usually flooding in the late summer.
Harasib - One of the largest and deepest underground lakes in the world lies a little to the east of Tsumeb, on a farm called Harasib. To reach the water in the cave one has either to abseil or to descend an ancient, hand-forged ladder that hangs free of the vertical dolomite walls of the cave for over 50 m. Here, too, SCUBA divers have descended as deep as they have dared (80 m) in the crystal-clear waters and have reported nothing but deep blue below them from one ledge of dolomite to the next with nothing discernible in the depths
Aigamas cave - The cave catfish was first discovered in 1921 and is known from only one dark, underground lake near Otavi, Namibia. The origin of the founder population is obscure as the nearest rivers Okavango and Cunene are hundreds of kilometers away.
The water surface of the lake is about 18m long and 2.5m wide on average and the water depth is 30m. The water is clear and measured tempratures have ranged from 24.5C (in 1921) to 27C in 1987.
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